OpenCV图像几何变换之透视变换

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本文实例为大家分享了Android九宫格图片展示的具体代码,供大家参考,具体内容如下

1. 基本原理

  透视变换(Perspective Transformation)的本质是将图像投影到一个新的视平面,其通用变换公式为:

(u,v)为原始图像像素坐标,(x=x'/w',y=y'/w')为变换之后的图像像素坐标。透视变换矩阵图解如下:

仿射变换(Affine Transformation)可以理解为透视变换的特殊形式。透视变换的数学表达式为:

所以,给定透视变换对应的四对像素点坐标,即可求得透视变换矩阵;反之,给定透视变换矩阵,即可对图像或像素点坐标完成透视变换,如下图所示:

2. OpenCV透视变换函数

Mat getPerspectiveTransform(const Point2f* src, const Point2f* dst)
// Calculate a perspective transform from four pairs of the corresponding points.
// src – Coordinates of quadrangle vertices in the source image.
// dst – Coordinates of the corresponding quadrangle vertices in the destination image.
 
void warpPerspective(InputArray src, OutputArray dst, InputArray M, Size dsize, int flags=INTER_LINEAR, int borderMode=BORDER_CONSTANT, const Scalar& borderValue=Scalar())
// Apply a perspective transform to an image.
// src – Source image.
// dst – Destination image that has the size dsize and the same type as src.
// M – 3*3 transformation matrix.
// dsize – Size of the destination image.
// flags – Combination of interpolation methods and the optional flag WARP_INVERSE_MAP that means that M is the inverse transformation (dstsrc).
// borderMode – Pixel extrapolation method. When borderMode=BORDER_TRANSPARENT, it means that the pixels in the destination image that corresponds to the “outliers” in the source image are not modified by the function.
// borderValue – Value used in case of a constant border. By default, it is 0.

3. 程序

#include <iostream>
 
#include "highgui.h"
#include "opencv2/imgproc/imgproc.hpp"
 
int main()
{
  // get original image.
  cv::Mat originalImage = cv::imread("road.png");
   
  // perspective image.
  cv::Mat perspectiveImage;
   
  // perspective transform
  cv::Point2f objectivePoints[4], imagePoints[4];
 
  // original image points.
  imagePoints[0].x = 10.0; imagePoints[0].y = 457.0;
  imagePoints[1].x = 395.0; imagePoints[1].y = 291.0;
  imagePoints[2].x = 624.0; imagePoints[2].y = 291.0;
  imagePoints[3].x = 1000.0; imagePoints[3].y = 457.0;
 
  // objective points of perspective image.
  // move up the perspective image : objectivePoints.y - value .
  // move left the perspective image : objectivePoints.x - value.
  double moveValueX = 0.0;
  double moveValueY = 0.0;
 
  objectivePoints[0].x = 46.0 + moveValueX; objectivePoints[0].y = 920.0 + moveValueY;
  objectivePoints[1].x = 46.0 + moveValueX; objectivePoints[1].y = 100.0 + moveValueY;
  objectivePoints[2].x = 600.0 + moveValueX; objectivePoints[2].y = 100.0 + moveValueY;
  objectivePoints[3].x = 600.0 + moveValueX; objectivePoints[3].y = 920.0 + moveValueY;
 
  cv::Mat transform = cv::getPerspectiveTransform(objectivePoints, imagePoints);
 
  // perspective.
  cv::warpPerspective(originalImage,
            perspectiveImage,
            transform,
            cv::Size(originalImage.rows, originalImage.cols),
            cv::INTER_LINEAR | cv::WARP_INVERSE_MAP);
 
  // cv::imshow("perspective image", perspectiveImage);
  // cvWaitKey(0);
 
  cv::imwrite("perspectiveImage.png", perspectiveImage);
 
  return 0;
}

原始图像及其透视变换结果:

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助。